AIMA

The Alternative Investment Management Association

Alternative Investment Management Association Representing the global hedge fund industry

Australian hedge fund investor appetites

Gary Johnston

Axiss

Q3 2007

 

Australia has a mandatory retirement savings policy, which is generating significant institutional demand for alternative asset classes — in combination, it is not surprising that the "lucky country" as it is known down under has become a focus for hedge fund managers the world over.


Due partly to this increase in appetite, the national hedge fund sector has grown exponentially in recent years to reach around US$31 billion in assets under management, or US$47 billion if you factor in funds of hedge funds.


According to Axiss Australia (the financial services division of Australia's inward investment agency), the combination of increasing investor sophistication and a guaranteed and rapidly growing stream of investible funds in need of a place to be parked, is driving this development.


Axiss' Executive Manager, said, “It is no secret that Australia's mandatory pension scheme has been the driving force behind the stunning growth of our nation's wider investment funds sector. Now valued at over A$1.1 trillion (US$867 billion), the pool of contestable investment funds is the fourth largest1 in the world and stands out like a beacon when you consider the country's population sits at around one-third of its nearest rival, France”.


With the cash component of wealth declining, Australians have been increasing their holdings of both equities and superannuation. In 1991 superannuation accounted for 48 percent of household financial assets and equities accounted for 12 percent. In 2006. superannuation had moved up to 55 percent and equities had a 19 percent share of household financial assets.


Retail investors, including high net-worth individuals, account for around 65 percent of the Australian hedge fund industry - and they are particularly active in funds of hedge funds and structured hedge fund products.


High net-worth investors have made significant allocations to both hedge funds and funds of hedge funds and Australia's three largest funds of hedge funds (accounting for around US$7.5 billion in assets) have sourced the majority of their funds from high net-worth individuals and retail investors.


In addition to the strong retail demand, pension fund investors have also increased their allocation to hedge funds in recent years. In 2001 only 3 percent of institutions allocated money to hedge funds-the forerunners in what has since become a fashionable sector. In 2005, some 32 percent of institutions were investing in the asset class, which compared well to the 27 percent of North American institutions investing in hedge funds and 35 percent of European institutions.


Australia's contestable pension fund market is projected to reach US$1.9 trillion by 2015, making it the largest in Asia. Comparatively, Japan's market is projected to reach US$897 billion by 2015, Singapore's US$124 billion and Hong Kong's US$112 billion2.


Since 2001, there has been a sharp increase in the number of hedge funds operating in Australia, growing from 33 in 2001 to 129 in 2006.


The rapid growth of the sector has spurred the development of Australian hedge fund and boutique fund incubators that offer seed capital in addition to start-up management and administration services. There are currently 12 such incubators in Australia.


For those considering a hedge fund start-up in ,the favourable macro environment, this is complemented by the fact that hedge funds in Australia face low start up and annual running costs. In fact, Australia has the lowest annual recurring costs of all key centres in Asia.

 

1 - Investment Company Institute, Worldwide Mutual Fund Assets and Flows, Third quarter 2006

2 - Allianz Global Investors, Asia-Pacific Pensions, Reform Trends and Growth Opportunities, June 2005

Back to Listing

Main Menu

  1. Home
  2. About
    1. Our Core Objectives
    2. AIMA's Policy Principles
    3. Meet the team
    4. AIMA Council
    5. Global Network
    6. Sponsoring Members
    7. Global Partners
    8. FAQs
    9. Opportunities at AIMA
  3. Join AIMA
    1. Benefits of Membership
    2. Membership Fees
    3. Application form
  4. Members
    1. AIMA Annual Reports
    2. AIMA Governance
    3. AIMA Logo
      1. Policy note
    4. AIMA Members' List
    5. AIMA Review of the Year
    6. Committees and Working Groups
    7. Weekly News
    8. Update Profile
  5. Investors
    1. AIMA Investor Services
    2. AIMA Members' List
    3. Investor Steering Committee
    4. Update Profile
  6. Regulation
    1. AIMA's Policy Principles
    2. Asset Management Regulation
      1. EU Asset Management Regulation
        1. AIFMD
        2. European Capital Markets Regulation
        3. MiFID / MiFIR
        4. UCITS
          1. ETFs and Structured UCITS
        5. Venture Capital
        6. Shareholder Rights Directive
      2. US Hedge Fund Adviser Regulations
        1. Registration and Reporting
        2. Incentive-Based Compensation
        3. JOBS Act
      3. Asia Pacific Asset Management regulation
      4. Other Jurisdictions’ Asset Management Regulation
      5. Regulation of NBFCs / SIFIS
      6. Supervision
        1. UK regulatory reform
        2. European Supervisory Authorities
        3. US Self-Regulatory Organisations
      7. Remuneration
        1. UK
        2. US
        3. CRD IV and CRR
        4. AIFMD
        5. MiFID
      8. Shadow Banking
      9. Volcker Rule
      10. Other
    3. Markets Regulation
      1. Bank/Capital Regulation
        1. Capital Requirements Directive
        2. EU Bank Structural Reforms
      2. Derivatives/Clearing
        1. EMIR
        2. MiFID / MiFIR
        3. MAD / MAR
        4. Dodd-Frank Act Title VII
        5. Hong Kong
        6. IOSCO
        7. Singapore
      3. High Frequency Trading
        1. ESMA Guidelines
        2. MiFID / MiFIR
        3. MAD / MAR
        4. Flash Crash
        5. IOSCO
        6. Germany
        7. CFTC Automated Trading
      4. Insurance Regulation
        1. Solvency II
      5. Market Abuse
        1. MAD / MAR
        2. Indices as Benchmarks
      6. Position Limits
        1. MiFID / MiFIR
        2. CFTC Position Limits
      7. Resolution of Financial Institutions
        1. Europe
          1. EU Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive
          2. EU Non-Bank Recovery and Resolution
        2. CPSS-IOSCO
        3. Financial Stability Board
        4. UK
        5. USA
      8. Short Selling
        1. EU Short Selling Regulation
        2. Hong Kong Short Selling Regulation
        3. US Short Selling Regulation
        4. Short Selling Bans
      9. Securities Settlement
      10. Shadow Banking
        1. International Shadow Banking
        2. EU Shadow Banking
      11. Trading
        1. MiFID / MiFIR
        2. Dodd-Frank Act
    4. Tax Affairs
      1. EU Savings Directive
      2. FAIFs and FINROFs
      3. FATCA
      4. FIN 48 and IAS 12
      5. Financial Transaction Tax
      6. Investment Manager Exemption
      7. UK Offshore Funds Regime
      8. Other
    5. Search
    6. Resources
      1. Guidance Notes
      2. Jurisdictional Guides
      3. Noticeboard
        1. BEPS
        2. Dealing Commission
        3. Derivatives
        4. FATCA
        5. FTT
        6. High Frequency Trading
        7. MiFID / MiFIR
        8. Other Hot Asset Management Topics
        9. Other Hot Markets Topics
        10. Position Limits
        11. Trading
        12. UK Partnership Tax Review
        13. Volcker Rule
      4. Hedge Fund Manager Training
      5. Quarterly Regulatory Update
      6. Webinar Programme
      7. Regulatory Compliance Association
        1. About the Regulatory Compliance Association
        2. RCA Curricula and initiatives for alternative investment firms
        3. Meet the regulators and Sr. Fellows
  7. Education
    1. AIMA Journal
      1. Recent issues
      2. Search AIMA Journal articles
      3. AIMA Journal Archive
    2. The Extra Mile: Partnerships between Hedge Funds and Investors
    3. 'Apples and apples' - How to better understand hedge fund performance
    4. AIMA/KPMG reports on state of global hedge fund industry
    5. Roadmap to Hedge Funds
    6. ‘Capital Markets and Economic Growth – Long-Term Trends and Policy Challenges'
    7. Guides for institutional investment
    8. Industry-standard DDQs
    9. Sound Practices
    10. Industry Guides
    11. CAIA
      1. FAI
    12. Regulatory Compliance Association
      1. About the Regulatory Compliance Association
      2. RCA Curricula and initiatives for alternative investment firms
      3. Meet the regulators and Sr. Fellows
    13. Services to Start-up Managers
    14. Useful Websites
    15. 'The Alternative Answer'
    16. Glossary
    17. AIMA's Investor Steering Committee Paper
  8. Events
    1. AIMA Events
    2. AIMA webinars
    3. Industry events
  9. Media
    1. Press Releases & Statements
    2. AIMA's blog
    3. Media Coverage
      1. Articles by AIMA
        1. Archive
      2. AIMA in the news
      3. Video interviews
      4. Industry news
    4. Media Contacts
    5. Press Materials

Sub Menu

  1. Education
    1. AIMA Journal
    2. Bibliography
    3. CAIA Designation
    4. Research
    5. Roadmap to Hedge Funds
    6. AIMA's Investor Steering Committee Paper
    7. Glossary
  2. Regulatory, Tax, Policy & Government Affairs
    1. AIMA Position Papers
    2. AIMA Responses
      1. Australian Tax Office
      2. Authority for the Financial Markets
      3. Committee of European Banking Supervisors
      4. Committee of European Securities Regulators
      5. Commodity Futures Trading Commission
      6. Dubai Financial Services Authority
      7. European Commission
      8. European Securities and Markets Authority
      9. Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority
      10. Financial Services Authority (UK)
      11. Financial Services and the Treasury Bureau
      12. Guernsey Financial Services Commission
      13. HM Revenue & Customs
      14. HM Treasury
      15. Independent Commission on Banking
      16. IOSCO
      17. Monetary Authority of Singapore
      18. Securities and Exchange Board of India
      19. Securities and Exchange Commission (USA)
      20. Securities and Futures Commission
      21. Singapore Exchange
      22. The Takeover Panel
      23. US House of Representatives / Senate
      24. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
      25. Financial Stability Oversight Council
      26. Financial Stability Board
      27. US Treasury
      28. Internal Revenue Service
      29. US Federal Reserve
      30. Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA)
      31. Council of European Union
      32. Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing
      33. House of Lords
    3. AIMA Summaries
      1. CESR
      2. European Commission
      3. Financial Services Authority (UK)
      4. HM Revenue & Customs
      5. HM Treasury
      6. IOSCO
      7. Securities and Exchanges Commission
      8. FSOC
      9. CFTC
    4. Guidance Notes
    5. Jurisdictional Resource
    6. AIMA Noticeboard
      1. EU Directive on Alternative Investment Fund Managers
      2. FSA Remuneration Code
      3. Short Selling
      4. US Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act
      5. UK Stewardship Code
      6. Securities Law Directive
      7. EU Directive on Alternative Investment Fund Managers - Level II
      8. EU Directive on Markets in Financial Instruments (MiFID)
      9. International Financial Centres
      10. Bribery Act
      11. Market Abuse Directive
      12. MF Global
      13. FATCA
      14. FTT
      15. Other Tax Issues
    7. AIMA Regulatory Update
  3. Sound Practices
    1. Due Diligence Questionnaires
    2. Guides to Sound Practices
  4. Start-Up Service Providers
  5. Useful Websites